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Beacon Measurements

Radio Beacons used in SWACI are coherent radio waves at 150 and 400 MHz transmitted by several satellites of LEO-systems such as:

  • NIMS (Navy Ionospheric Monitoring Systems)


When computing the differential phase of both signals, the relative, i.e. uncalibrated TEC may be derived. While measuring the signal strength, the scintillation index S4, a measure of signal strength fluctuations, is also estimated.
The reception is performed by the receiver ITS30S which has been especially developed for beacon measurements by Northwest Research Associates, Inc